Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji in English

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Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji in English (200 words)

Guru Nanak Dev was a saint-poet of Punjab. He is considered by many to be the founder of the Sikh religion. The first person to speak out against the brutal treatment of Sikhs by the Mughals was Guru Nanak Dev.

In 1469, Guru Nanak Dev was born in the town of Talwandi, located close to Lahore. It is currently located in Pakistan and is referred to as Nankana Sahib by the locals. Even though his father, Mehta Kalu, was respectable, his family was of the Khatri caste. From the time he was a young boy, he had a profound interest in God. 

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He had a very reflective nature, which set him apart from other boys his age in a significant way. It was something different from what interested him in studying, mainly commercial strategies. He seemed to spend all of his time lost in profound meditation.

Once upon a time, his father offered him twenty rupees so that he might strike a favorable deal. However, he made a wise investment by using the money to satisfy the hunger of some sadhus, thereby completing a successful trade. When he returned to his house, he told his father all that had happened and concluded by saying, “I have done Sachha Sauda.”

Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji in English
Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji in English

Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji in English (500 words)


Guru Nanak, sometimes referred to as Baba Nanak (which literally translates to “father Nanak”), was the founder of Sikhism and, as a result, the initial of the 10 Sikh Gurus. On Kartik Pooranmashi, the full-moon day that falls during the month of Katak, which falls between October and November, people all around the world commemorate Guru Nanak’s birthday as Nanak Gurpurab.

Nanak went to many different places to spread the word that only one God is present in all His creations. This one God is the eternal Truth. He discovered that a single spiritual, social, and political foundation stood for equality, brotherly love, goodness, and morality.


Even though his birth followed a particular custom, it took place within the month of Kartik (November). It is mentioned in the majority of Janam Sakhi, which are the authoritative biographies of Nanak, that he was born on the third day of the splendid lunar fortnight, which fell during the Baisakh month (April) of Samvat 1526.


Mehta Kalu, short for Kalyan Chand Das Bedi, and Mata Tripta were Nanak’s parents. Mehta Kalu was more commonly referred to as Mehta. Within the confines of the community of Talwandi, his father held the position of patwari, which is synonymous with village accountant.

His family was of the Hindu Khatri caste, and both of his parents worked in the trading industry. His birth and the early years of his life were distinguished by many occurrences that proved that Guru Nanak was endowed with heavenly grace.

His life has been the subject of several commentaries, many of which explain how his consciousness developed at a very young age. Nanak asserted that he was interested in divine topics even when he was only five. At the age of seven, he signed up to become a student at the local village school.


Nanak embarked on numerous extended travels in search of spiritual enlightenment during the first part of the 16th century. According to a verse he penned, he traveled to many locations in “the nine parts of the earth” (nau-Khand), which are likely the most important places of worship for Hindus and Muslims.

After leaving his family in 1496 at 27, he traveled over most of South Asia and Arabia, including Tibet. His travels began in Arabia. There are further assertions that can be found in modern sources that he traveled to Mount Sumeru, Achal Batala, Mecca, Baghdad, and Multan, all of which are places where it is said that he argued theological ideas with rival communities.


Nanak moved his home to Kartarpur when he was around 55 years old and remained there until September 1539, the month of his death. During this period, he made several brief trips to the Nath yogi center in Achal and, as a result, to the Sufi centres in Pakpattan and Multan. At the time of Guru Nanak’s passing, several people in the Punjab region had already adhered to his teachings.

Guru Nanak chose Bhai Lehna as the next Guru, giving him the name Guru Angad, which means “one’s very own” or “part of you.” On September 22, 1539, at 70, Nanak passed away in Kartarpur, Punjab, shortly after announcing Bhai Lehna as his successor.

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