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Millets are Superfood Essay in English 100 Words
Millets crops available in India include bajra ragi (finger millet), jowar (sorghum), sama (small millet), bajra (pearl millet) and variga (proso millet). Millets are rich in all kinds of nutrients, and are capable of keeping the body free from diseases. In India, the evidence of millet plants was first found from the Indus Valley Civilization.
Millets are mainly of two types, which include coarse grains and minor coarse grains (Major and Minor Millets). Millets are cultivated in 131 countries of the world. Out of which India is the main producer of millet. This type of grain keeps the body’s immunity and away from many types of diseases occurring in them. This type of food is also being promoted by our Prime Minister so that the people of India can remain healthy.
Essay on Millets its Nutritional Benefits 200 Words
Millet has recently begun to gain popularity due to its numerous advantages for both physical and mental health, as well as its ease of cultivation and drought resistance. India is among the top 5 exporters of millets worldwide and one of the largest producers of millets worldwide.To encourage the production and consumption of millets, the Government of India designated 2018 as the National Year of Millets. An Indian-sponsored resolution designating 2023 as the “International Year of Millet” was unanimously approved by the UN General Assembly. Indian farmers are increasingly growing millet as a drought-resistant crop, and millet production has increased recently.
“Millets are a powerhouse of nutrients,” Diksha Dayal, Head of Nutrition and Dietetics at Sanar International Hospital, told The Sunday Guardian. In the more health-conscious person’s kitchen, they have reclaimed their space. Due to their rough texture, millets used to be regarded as a coarse-grain cereal. Millets are higher in protein, dietary fibre, iron, and calcium than rice or wheat, though all cereals are high in carbohydrates. Due to their low glycemic index, millets have been dubbed a nutrient powerhouse by the Indian government, and research has demonstrated their efficacy in treating diabetes. The government renamed millets Nutri cereals to further their promotion.
Essay on Millets for Food and Nutrition 300 Words
There are numerous diets that have gained popularity in recent years and are now being marketed to the general public as being healthful. Some of them have received the endorsement of nutritionists, while others have simply been exposed as diet fads. Although many people are still unaware of the numerous health benefits of millet, they have enjoyed some fame similar to other such foods.
The Indian diet once included millet, which has recently come to light as a lesser-known superfood. This is due to the fact that millets contain traces of minerals and vitamins in addition to macronutrients like protein and fibre. Iron, vitamin B6, which helps regulate high prolactin levels, and magnesium, which is crucial for bone health, are all found in abundance in millet.
why millets are called superfoods?
- They are a great source of vitamins, macro- and micro-minerals, fiber, proteins, antioxidants, and antioxidants.
- For those who are gluten intolerant or have celiac disease, they are a wonderful alternative source of carbohydrates because they are gluten free.
- It is a great food for diabetic patients because of its low glycemic index value, which also prevents cardiovascular diseases.
- manages weight, combats obesity, and maintains gut health.
Production of millets
The majority of millets are grown worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions, primarily in Asian and African nations. It is grown in nearly 93 nations. The world’s largest producer of millets is India, which will account for 20% of global production in 2020, followed by China and Nigeria. Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are the major millet-producing states in India.
Essay on Millets in English 500 Words
Millets are a group of grasses with small seeds and coarse grains that are high in proteins, fibre, and carbohydrates. Common millets like Jowar (sorghum), Ragi (finger millet), and Bajra (pearl millet) are fairly well known in Indian households. Because they can be grown without chemical fertilisers and in unfavourable climatic conditions, millets, with their wealth of nutritional benefits, also support sustainable farming. India’s version is the kharif crop. Millets were the first crops to be domesticated, and there is evidence that the Indus Valley civilization consumed them.
Importance of Millet
As per the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, in 2016–17, the area under the cultivation of millet declined with 60% less coverage area (14.72 million hectares). This decline was attributed to changes in consumption patterns, the conversion of irrigated land for the cultivation of wheat and rice, the lack of millet availability, low yield, dietary habits, and less demand. This caused the levels of vitamins A, protein, iron, and iodine in women and children to drop, which resulted in malnutrition.
Millets contain a number of phytochemicals, including antioxidants, polyphenols, tannins, and phytosterols, but they also have some antinutritional elements that can be diminished through specific processing techniques. Millets can grow anywhere from Andhra Pradesh’s coastal regions to the moderately high altitudes of the Northeastern states and the hilly regions of Uttarakhand, demonstrating their broad capacity for adaptation. Millets can withstand changes in moisture, temperature, and soil types, from sandy infertile lands to heavy lands.
International Year of Millets
The International Year of Millets (IYM 2023) was declared by the United Nations General Assembly at its 75th session in March 2021. FAO serves as the main organising body for the New Year’s celebration in collaboration with other important stakeholders. Millets can be grown on arid lands with few inputs and are tolerant of climatic changes. They are thus the ideal means for countries to increase their level of independence and reduce their reliance on imported cereal grains.
Millets a superfood or a diet fad
Millets can legitimately be referred to as a healthy food because they aid in blood sugar regulation. Millets must, however, be properly prepared and consumed in order to be of maximum benefit. Millets also assist in controlling weight. Millets have a plethora of health advantages, according to the Indian Institute of Millet Research (IIMR). Millets are anti-acidic and gluten-free, and they also help the body detoxify. Millets contain niacin, a vitamin B3 that may help lower cholesterol. Millets also aid in the prevention of type 2 diabetes and breast cancer. They work well at lowering blood pressure and preventing heart diseases.
Millets can be harvested when the seeds in the panicle’s upper half are fully developed. Although the lower half of the panicle’s seeds may still be in the dough stage, they must no longer be green. The leaves and stems may still be green at this point. In order to allow the straw to dry out before combining, millet is typically harvested by swathing. Early soaking lowers yield, test weight, and colour quality. Shattering and lodging are made worse by harvesting too late. Proso-millet can be damaged by rodents and birds as it ripens.
Millets can grow well in harsh environments like drought, and some wild varieties can even survive in flooded fields and marshy environments. The inclusion of millets in processed or packaged foods will entice farmers to grow millets, provide them with new opportunities, and re-energize them.
Millets are Superfood Essay in English 1000 Words
What are Millets?
Millets are a kind of whole grain that are frequently used in bird seed but also have a lot of advantages for people. In addition to fibre, vitamins, and minerals, millets are very nutrient-dense foods. In addition to replacing rice or other grains, they are a good source of protein. You can prepare millets in a variety of ways and they have a nutty flavour.
Millets a superfood
Millets’ numerous health advantages, sustainability, and adaptability have led to their designation as a superfood in recent years. Dietary fibre, which is abundant in millet and helps to control blood sugar and lower cholesterol levels. Additionally, they are a good source of complex carbohydrates, which give you long-lasting energy and help you feel fuller for longer.
Millets are also a good source of antioxidants, which guard the body against harm from free radicals. Additionally adaptable, millets can be used in a variety of recipes. Millets are a more sustainable crop because they are simple to grow and use less water than other grains. They are also resistant to drought, which makes them a perfect crop for farmers in regions with little rainfall. Additionally, millets are less prone to pests and diseases, making it simpler to grow them without the use of pesticides.
Millet Production in India
- Currently, jowar (sorghum), bajra (pearl millet), and ragi (finger millet) are the three most important millet crops grown in India.
- Additionally, India cultivates a wide variety of indigenous “small millets” like kodo, kutki, chenna, and sanwa that are bio-genetically diverse and varied in their genetic makeup.
- Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Haryana are among the states with the largest production.
How millets are good for our health?
Millets have higher protein content and a more balanced amino acid profile than wheat and rice, making them nutritionally superior. Millets also contain a number of phytochemicals that have medicinal effects because of their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative qualities. Additionally, millet grains are a good source of nutrients like carbohydrates, protein, dietary fibre, good-quality fat, minerals like calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, and B complex vitamins, in addition to being climate resilient. Most significantly, millet cultivation does not require the application of chemical fertilisers.
Benefits of Millets
There are many benefits of eating millet.
- It works on blood sugar, besides controlling blood pressure.
- Relieves problems like diarrhea, constipation, indigestion, stomach diseases, ulcers. At the same time, nutrients are found in it to fight against dangerous diseases like cancer.
- By including millets grain in your diet, your body gets more nutrition in less quantity.
- Many elements like fiber, potassium, magnesium, iron calcium are found in abundance in millets grains, which keep our body strong and our internal organs healthy.
- The body weight remains balanced by the use of these coarse grains. Apart from this, the antioxidant properties present in them remove the toxic substances from inside the body.
When it comes to these nutrients, as well as the amino acid profile, millets beat wheat and rice.
An alternative that’s healthier: Bajra (pearl millet), which is gluten-free and higher in fibre than wheat, has iron, zinc, and protein levels that are comparable to those of wheat while also being higher in fibre and lacking in gluten.
- Because bajra rotis digest more slowly and do not significantly raise blood sugar levels, they help people feel fuller for longer.
- Can easily address the “hidden hunger” problem brought on by consumption of energy-dense but micronutrient-deficient foods: this nutritionally superior trait can easily address the “hidden hunger” problem.
- Millets are hardy, drought-resistant crops, making them effective in battling the negative effects of climate change.
- It so happens that they have a shorter life cycle (70–100 days as opposed to 115–150 days for rice and wheat), require less water (350–500 mm as opposed to 600–1,250 mm), and can thrive in arid and hilly environments.
International Year of Millets
Millets were a mainstay in India for many years, but after the green revolution [GR], the focus shifted to higher food grain production & productivity using high yielding varieties of wheat & rice in the identified GR geographies. As a result, millets were gradually pushed to the side and marginalised. Typically, a member country submits a proposal to the UN through a relevant organisation, in millets’ case, the FAO. Prior to being presented to the UN General Assembly and receiving the support of 71 nations, India’s FAO proposal was internally approved.
Because millets fall under food and agriculture, even though this is a UN-wide event, the FAO is the appropriate implementing agency, working in coordination with relevant technical experts, several UN member countries and representatives from all regions, as well as stakeholders like the academic community, the private sector, and civil society. The IYM2023 unifies and encourages international collaboration to promote millet in a number of ways.
On 6 December 2022, the opening ceremony of the International Year of Millets 2023 was organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. On March 18, 2023, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the two-day Global Coarse Cereals / Millets (Shri Anna) conference at the Subrahmanyam Hall of Indian Agricultural Science Complex (NASC), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. inaugurated. At this conference, the Prime Minister released a commemorative postage stamp and a commemorative coin on coarse grains (Shri Anna). Also released Compeudium of Indian Millet Startups and Book of Millet Standard.
Apart from this, an exhibition cum buyer-seller meet pavilion was also inaugurated. The Indian Institute of Millet Research (IIMR) of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has been declared a ‘Global Center of Excellence’. In this conference, Guyana has announced that it will produce exclusively coarse cereals on 200 acres of land under the technology and technical guidance of India. Indian Institute of Millet Research It was established in the year 1958 and is located in Hyderabad, Telangana. It is the nodal agency of the Government of India for research on millets.
Theme of 2023 International Year of Millets
“Harnessing the untapped potential of millets for food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture” is the focus of the 2023 International Year of Millets (IYM). The initiative’s goals to increase consumer awareness of millets as a nutritious and environmentally friendly substitute for other grains, support sustainable farming methods, and encourage millets consumption are all reflected in the theme. The theme also draws attention to millets’ potential to improve nutrition and food security, particularly in areas where they are regarded as culturally significant and deeply ingrained in the customs and culture of Indigenous Peoples.
The promotion of the production and consumption of nutri-cereals appears to be a policy shift in the right direction as the government works to achieve its agenda of a malnutrition-free India and doubling farmers’ incomes.
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