One Nation One Election Essay, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500, 700 Words

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One Nation One Election Essay 150 Words

The idea of “One Nation, One Election” has received a lot of attention nowadays. It favors combining all elections in India, whether they are local, state, or national. One Nation One Election backers contend that it would stop the ongoing election cycle. It would free up vital resources used for holding many elections and lessen the strain on the government. Additionally, it would allow decision-makers to concentrate more on crafting policies rather than being distracted by election campaigns.

A One Nation One Election might also result in improved communication and planning amongst the various levels of government. It would aid in making policies and programmes easier to implement successfully. However, putting this idea into practice presents difficulties. Synchronised elections, according to their detractors, could privilege national parties over regional ones and threaten the nation’s federal system. In conclusion, One Nation One Election has the potential to improve governance and streamline the political process. However, it must be carefully considered before being put into practice.

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One Nation One Election Essay 200 Words 

One Nation One Election, as the name implies, refers to elections taking place simultaneously throughout India. As a result, simultaneous state and federal elections would be held every five years. By conducting it just once for all levels of government, this idea seeks to simplify and lower the cost of the election process in India. Because state and national elections currently take place at separate times, there is nonstop campaigning all year long, wasting resources. One Nation One Election seeks to ensure better governance while minimising the disruptions brought on by recurrent elections.

During election season, politicians may not be able to adequately focus on their jobs since they are continuously engaged in campaigning. But to put this system into place, constitutional changes are needed, along with agreement from all major parties. While some parties are in favour of this idea and point to advantages like cost savings and increased government effectiveness, others are against it and argue it contradicts the ideas of federalism.

One Nation, One Election’s Benefits

  1. Cost-saving advantages: Saving Money: One Nation, One Election The cost of holding numerous elections in various states can be reduced by using one election, which can result in significant financial savings.
  2. Time-saving advantages: One Nation One Election streamlines campaigns, allowing political parties to devote more time to governance and development initiatives. One Nation One Election cuts down on the amount of time spent on election campaigns.
One Nation One Election Essay
One Nation One Election Essay

One Nation One Election Essay 250 Words

In India, elections are held every year, and the government invests a lot of time, effort, and resources into planning them. The need for the “One Nation, One Election” system has resulted from this. Elections for the General State Assembly and the Lok Sabha are conducted every five years in India. Additionally, numerous state assembly elections placed a heavy financial load on the administration. The NDA government has proposed a plan to have just one election nationwide every five years. “One Nation, One Election” backers claim that it has a number of advantages. 

This suggestion was brought up during the meeting that The PM presided over on June 19, 2019. All political parties came together to debate the difficulties, benefits, and drawbacks of the idea. The “One Nation One Election” concept seeks to synchronise the Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections throughout the whole Indian election cycle.

This idea has been trialled before in India. It has also occurred before, during the simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state assemblies held in India in the years 1952, 1957, 1962, and 1967. In 1968 and 1969, the “One Nation One Election” practise was abandoned because a few Legislative Assemblies were dissolved before their terms were up for various reasons. Since they suffered their worst-ever defeat in the most recent Lok Sabha elections, the regional parties won’t support the implementation of this system. India is once again attempting to implement this electoral system, but execution of this movement is getting difficult due to lack of agreement between the central government and numerous political groups.

One Nation One Election Essay 300 words

The phrase “One Nation, One Election” refers to the idea of holding elections for all levels of government in a nation at the same time. The Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament), state legislative assemblies, and local government bodies like municipalities and panchayats would all be subject to simultaneous elections. The aim behind this notion is to have a standard election calendar, usually once every five years, when all elections take place at the same time.

“One Nation, One Election” backers claim that it has a number of advantages. First, it is believed that holding polls simultaneously will cut down on the enormous costs associated with holding separate elections at various times. Additionally, it can lessen the commotion that regular elections and the related political campaigning produce, allowing elected officials to concentrate more on governance and policy-making.

In addition, proponents of this idea contend that it can aid in greater policy coordination between the federal and state governments. Synchronised elections can ensure continuity and stability in governance, as elections frequently cause a temporary halt in the implementation of policies. Individuals and various sections of society hold varying opinions about “One Nation, One Election”. On whether people want synchronised elections or not, there is no universal agreement.

supporters of the concept claim that it can result in savings on expenses, less political campaigning, and better governance. They contend that synchronised elections can reduce the disruptions brought on by frequent elections, free up elected officials to concentrate on governance, and ensure stability and continuity in the formulation of public policy.

On the other hand, opponents have voiced worries about the viability, potential for power-centering, and impact on local and regional issues. Some contend that simultaneous elections could weaken the influence of regional parties and threaten the federal system of government.

One Nation One Election Essay 500 Words


One Nation One Election (OONE) is a plan for assembling all state legislative assemblies and the Lok Sabha, the lower chamber of the Indian Parliament, in parallel elections. Despite the fact that the proposal has been around for a while, it has recently received more attention as a result of the high cost of elections and the disruption they create to development efforts. The advantages of OONE could be numerous.

History of “One Nation, One Election”

Simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state assemblies were held shortly after independence. Elections in 1952, 1957, 1962, and 1967 all reflected this. However, this was abandoned because in 1968–1969 some State Legislative Assemblies had already been dissolved for a number of reasons. The Lok Sabha and state assembly elections are currently held separately. That is whenever the five-year term of the existing administration expires or the legislature is dissolved. The Legislative Assemblies’ and the Lok Sabha’s terms might or might not coincide. For instance, whereas Tamil Nadu won’t hold elections until 2021, Rajasthan held elections in late 2018.

Disadvantages of “One Nation, One Election”

  • Even if concurrent elections are implemented, there are still a number of drawbacks to this reform. 
  • Numerous political groups in opposition have said unequivocally that they oppose this proposal.
  • Elections held concurrently could skew voters’ perceptions. Local concerns won’t typically receive as much attention from voters as national issues do.
  • Regional parties won’t be able to properly address local and regional issues because of the powerful Central politics.

The tendency of Indian politics and polity to become more centralized will be strengthened. The government’s ability to be held accountable by the public may suffer from simultaneous elections. Elections are held periodically, which keeps the executive and legislative branches in check. This cannot happen if elections are held simultaneously.

But to put this system into place, constitutional changes are needed, along with agreement from all major parties. While some parties are in favour of this idea and point to advantages like cost savings and increased government effectiveness, others are against it and argue it contradicts the ideas of federalism.

Advantages of “One Nation, One Election”

Reduced Expenditure: Holding elections at various levels is a costly endeavour. One Nation One Election has the potential to significantly lower the financial burden on the government, freeing up money that could be used for other important purposes, such as healthcare and education.

Efficient Governance: Regular elections frequently cause a brief pause in the implementation of policies. Election synchronisation might guarantee a stable administration for a longer period of time, allowing for consistent policy creation and implementation.

Increased Voter Turnout: With numerous elections, voter tiredness is a regular problem. A stronger and more representative democracy may result from lowering the frequency and encouraging more people to engage in the democratic process.

Streamlined Logistics: Elections are difficult to organise logistically. Multiple elections cause disruptions to daily life, but One Nation One Election might streamline the procedure and lessen disruptions for the general public.

Focus on Development: Politicians and governments devote a large amount of time to campaigning during their terms in office. Less elections would allow them to concentrate more on government, development, and solving pressing problems.

Essay on One Nation One Election 700 words

What is the Indian election system?

Every five years, India has elections for the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly). All elected legislators’ terms are scheduled to end after five years. Elections are held concurrently in all constituencies on the same day or within a few days. The election in question is a general election. When a member dies or resigns, a single constituency election may be called to replace the vacancy. This kind of election is known as a “by-election”.  

History of Election

With the first general election, which was held in 1951–1952, over a four-month period, democracy made significant progress. The largest democratic experiment ever conducted took place during these elections. All people who were twenty-one years of age or older had the right to vote, and the elections were conducted under the principles of universal adult franchise. Over 173 million people cast ballots, the majority of them being low-income, uneducated, rural, and first-time voters. At the time, the main concern was how the populace would react to this chance.

Many questioned whether such an electorate could exercise its right to vote in a politically responsible and adult manner. Some claimed that benign dictatorships were the only political solution for a caste-based, multireligious, illiterate, and underdeveloped country like India since democratic elections were inappropriate for it. Some people called the upcoming elections “a leap in the dark,” while others called them “fantastic” and “an act of faith.”

One nation one election

On June 19, 2019, the Prime Minister of India called the leaders of all political parties to a meeting to discuss the concept of “one nation, one election” and other crucial issues. One Nation One Election seeks to synchronise the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies elections in India by organising the country’s electoral calendar.

Advantages of One Nation One Election


Saving money is one of ONOE’s main benefits. National elections, including those for state and parliamentary assemblies, demand a large financial investment. The government may lower overall election-related spending by holding all polls at once, freeing up funds for welfare programmes and development initiatives.

Office Effectiveness

Regular elections cause administrative staff, security personnel, and government resources to be diverted to election-related duties. The administration will be able to concentrate more effectively on governance and policy implementation for the remainder of the term thanks to ONOE, which will limit this resource diversion to once every five years.

Regular Governance

ONOE may result in consistent and reliable government. Currently, various states may have administrations in power for varying terms due to staggered elections. This may result in policy inconsistencies and obstruct long-term development strategies. With concurrent elections, the terms of the federal and state governments will coincide, resulting in consistent policy formulation and implementation.

‘One Nation, One Election’ challenges

It is necessary to align the terms of the State Legislative Assemblies and the Lok Sabha in order to hold elections for both bodies within a certain amount of time. For instance, the current Lok Sabha’s term will end in 2024, but different legislative assemblies’ terms will end at different times because of elections last year for some and this year for others (such as Haryana, Maharashtra, and Jharkhand). The current Lok Sabha’s term will end in 2024.

Currently, each polling place has a single voting machine that is utilised to conduct the vote. Due to the fact that the ECI must supply two sets of EVMs and VVPATs for each polling station (one for the Lok Sabha election and the other for the Legislative Assembly election), the requirements for performing simultaneous elections would increase.

The polling crew will also need to meet an additional criteria. Transporting supplies to the polling places will be challenging. Better security measures would be required for the simultaneous elections, thus the Central Police Forces will need to be increased proportionately. After elections, the ECI already has trouble keeping the EVMs safe.


A great concept 

Simultaneous polls are a wonderful concept from the EC’s and election management’s perspectives. The voter, voting places, election workers, and security personnel are all the same, after all. As a result, the idea seems to be not only practical but also cost-effective.

Governance body 

There is enough flexibility in the Constitution to adapt it to the needs and circumstances of the nation as they change. This flexibility is not only a helpful tool; it also places a duty on governments to give their citizens access to the finest governance frameworks, procedures, and opportunities.

Low expenses 

We can impose a cap on political party spending to address the problem of unchecked campaign spending.

Acceptance is necessary

Everyone in the nation is affected by elections, including residents, corporations, government agencies, constitutional bodies, political parties, and leaders. One nation, one election’s purpose and effectiveness could be jeopardised in the absence of widespread agreement and acceptance.

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